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A mosquito found in a trap in Sugar Land has been confirmed as testing positive for the West Nile virus, a July 2 news release from the city said.

According to the release, the infected mosquito was found last week in a trap located on Morrison Place in Sugar Land’s New Territory subdivision.

The city said humans can contract West Nile through a bite from an infected mosquito, which can get the virus from feeding on infected birds. People over 50 years old and those with compromised immune systems are at a higher risk of becoming seriously ill if infected with the virus, according to city health authority and medical director Dr. Joe Anzaldua. Symptoms may include a stiff neck, vision problems, body tremors, mental confusion, memory loss and seizures, according to the city.

"Residents should use insect repellent whenever they are outdoors and avoid going outside at dusk and dawn when mosquitos are most active," Anzaldua said.

The milder form of the illness is West Nile fever, which can include symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle and bone aches, nausea and drowsiness, the city said. People with the milder form of the illness typically recover on their own, according to the city, and about 80 percent of people infected with the virus will have no symptoms and recover on their own. 

Anzaldua, who practices at Oak Bend Medical Center’s Sugar Land facility, added that the city of Sugar Land has a comprehensive monitoring and testing program intended to keep the public safe.

The Texas Department of State Health Services also encourages dressing in long sleeves, staying indoors at dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active, and draining any standing water where mosquitoes could breed.

 “If people have symptoms that cause them concern, they should contact their healthcare provider immediately,” Anzaldua said.

For more information on how to combat mosquito bites and breeding grounds, visit sugarlandtx.gov/fightthebite.

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